Acne is one of the most common skin problems that has been plaguing people since puberty, some have even carry it well into adulthood. Acne are most often seen on the face, neck, back, chest and shoulders where we have the most sebaceous glands or oily skin. The four main factors that encourage acne are oily skin, dead skin cells, clogged pores and bacteria. When the sebum from our oil glands and dead skin get lodged into the hair follicles, it creates an ideal environment for bacteria to thrive and acne to form. There are many causes for acne and although there are those who agree that genetics play a part in it, hormones, stress levels and diet are also known to trigger breakouts.
Acne can come in form of whiteheads, blackheads, the common pimple and cystic acne. Whiteheads happen when the hair follicles in your skin becomes plugged with oil and sebum. Once this plugged sebum comes to the surface of the skin and is exposed to air, it turns black. Contrary to popular belief, blackheads are not caused by dirt. When these plugged follicles become inflamed, it erupts and becomes a red bump in the surface of the skin. This is known as the common pimple. However, there are pimples that erupt deep inside the skin, causing bigger looking pimples. These actually require more attention since they can turn into nodules or cysts, these are known as cystic acne.
The best way to fight acne is to regularly clean your face to prevent the overproduction of sebum. The trick is finding the right cleansing products that work for your skin type. It is also important to recognize your acne-triggers and avoid them. This can include stress, hormones and cosmetic products including hair sprays and shampoo. More often, common acne can be treated with over the counter medication that often contain benzoyl, salicylic acid and sulfur. Try them out for a couple of weeks, however if you see no change or your condition worsens it is best to visit your dermatologist.